Developing knowledge requires connecting new research with the past. According to Light and Pilmer (1984, p. 169) “the need for a new study is not as great as the need for the assimilation of already existing studies”. This idea has been more poetically expressed by great thinkers such as Bernard of Chartres and Isaac Newton: “If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants”. In this spirit of scholarly discovery, therefore, literature reviews contribute to developing research paths and questions by providing a foundation on which to build on prior findings.
Nowadays, how research scholars produce and consume knowledge is changing. When creating literature reviews, researchers can use a range of software, online search engines (e.g., Google Scholar), and research databases linked to journal articles. This makes access to knowledge easier – it is possible to obtain hundreds if not thousands of related scholarly contributions – but possibly more confusing. In an age where the availability of information is overwhelming, researchers need to know how to sort the ‘wheat from the chaff’. Within this context traditional literature reviews are criticized as too subjective.
The Structured Literature Review (SLR) methodology could complement traditional literature reviews because the approach helps to yield different outcomes that are more defensible. Therefore, the SLR can be useful for higher degree students and emerging scholars, allowing them to demonstrate that their literature reviews are justifiable.
The aim of this workshop is to introduce the SLR methodology and provide practical examples of how to develop an SLR. The theoretical presentation will be followed by the explanation of examples.
Topics to be covered during the workshop:
- Publishing and Knowledge production. The role of literature reviews
- Introduction to the SLR methodology
- Using technology to develop a SLR:
- Using NVivo and Mendeley to develop a SLR
- Calculate Krippendorff Alpha