The concept of "health" is reflection of the complex relationships of genetics, a person's lifestyle and his environment, so it is much broader than just the presence or absence of any disease. As a rule, health depends both on factors influencing it, and on the measures taken to improve it, and on the resources necessary for medical intervention in order to maintain health or improve its condition. At the same time, health, being dependent on the external environment, affects interaction with the outside world.
Health outcomes, morbidity and demand for health services are not the same for different population groups and are largely dependent on the distribution of wealth and resources (WHO 2020). For example, income, education level, employment are well-known factors of inequality between certain groups in terms of health. Reducing these inequalities is one of the most pressing challenges worldwide, and much of the responsibility lies with the health system.
To determine the interventions and programs needed to reduce health inequalities, data on the health and quality of life of the population are required. On the basis of these data, the target groups requiring the most careful attention can be identified, as well as the mechanisms necessary for the implementation of measures to preserve and improve health can be developed. In the long term, the data obtained from regular public health monitoring will allow planning for the future needs of the health system.
For the past two years, the world has been engulfed by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has had the most severe and diverse consequences. Currently, the most urgent problem is the assessment of the health status of the population that has passed through this disease, and authoritative statistical data are needed to carry out such an assessment. In order to obtain them, "Public Health Monitoring: Russia 2022" assesses the health and quality of life of Russians. For this, various methods are used: self-assessment of the health of the population, a combined assessment of the quality of life, a survey on the experience of seeking medical help, etc. The data obtained helps to develop general idea of the state of health of Russian citizens, to identify risk factors for their health and circumstances that contribute to the onset of disability, etc.
11:30 – 11:40 – opening speech
11:40 – 12:25 – presentation by Ekaterina A. Alexandrova, topic: “Using the Results of "Public Health Monitoring: Russia 2022" to Assess Health and Quality of Life”
12:25 – 12:45 – discussion
12:45 – 13:00 – Closing remarks: announcements of the next workshops